Core density profile control by energetic ion anisotropy in LHD

M. Nishiura*, A. Shimizu, T. Ido, S. Satake, M. Yoshinuma, R. Yanai, M. Nunami, H. Yamaguchi, H. Nuga, R. Seki, K. Fujita, M. Salewski

*Corresponding author for this work

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Electron and impurity ion density profiles have been controlled by using tangential and perpendicular neutral beams for plasma heating in a stellarator/heliotron for the first time. Reduced anisotropy of stored energy for energetic ion En?/Enjj has resulted in an inward electron and impurity transport, forming a core electron density peaking. Increased anisotropy leads to a flat or hollowed electron density profile with an impurity exhaust in a core region [Yoshinuma et al., Nucl. Fusion 49, 062002 (2009)]. A high confinement state of particles in LHD has yet to be achieved, except for a temporal state of an electron density peaking created by a pellet injection. As a pioneering and crucial research result, the operation of energetic ion anisotropy by neutral beams has newly demonstrated that the direction of the radial transport of bulk and impurity ions can be controlled. At the same time, the overall plasma performance rises in neutron flux and stored energy. On the other hand, the increase in the anisotropy flattens the density profile. This new finding holds promise for a control knob of nuclear fusion reactors to enhance fusion power output.
Original languageEnglish
Article number062505
JournalPhysics of Plasmas
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 2024


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