Coproduire les services publics: Gouvernance palliative des inondations et citoyenneté en milieu périurbain à Pikine (Sénégal)

Eric Komlavi Hahonou, Caroline Schaer

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    Abstract

    The recurring floods experienced in recent years by many urban centres
    in West Africa are not merely the consequence of global climate change.
    Large parts of the poor urban populations in West Africa often live in hazardous
    areas where urban planning is inadequate and where the public services, infrastructure and protective regulations that are needed in order to face flood issues are poorly provided. As a result, recurrent flooding reinforces existing social inequalities and the vulnerability of the urban poor. This does, however, not mean that the delivery of collective services related to flood response does not exist or that it is ungoverned. In order to cope with inefficient public service
    provision, the inhabitants often organize to ensure that flooding is addressed.
    This study shows that in Pikine, a city located at the outskirts of Dakar (Senegal),
    the governance of floods entails the daily coproduction of flood prevention
    and adaptation services, where users play an important and active role. The
    authors show that this ‘palliative governance’ has a direct impact on vulnerable
    populations’ capacity to cope with and adapt to recurrent flooding. The authors
    show that the informality that is essential to the coproduction of services should
    not be seen as an opposition to the State, but rather as essential to the daily
    functioning of the state, as well as a manifestation of ordinary citizenship by
    residents of deprived neighbourhoods.
    Original languageFrench
    JournalRevue Émulations
    Volume20
    Pages (from-to)35-51
    ISSN1784-5734
    Publication statusPublished - 2016

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    Revue Émulations 2006-2017.

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