Coordinated Voltage Control Scheme for VSC-HVDC Connected Wind Power Plants

Yifei Guo, Houlei Gao*, Qiuwei Wu, Haoran Zhao, Jacob Østergaard

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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    This paper proposes a coordinated voltage control scheme based on model predictive control (MPC) for voltage source converter‐based high voltage direct current (VSC‐HVDC) connected wind power plants (WPPs). In the proposed scheme, voltage regulation capabilities of VSC and WTGs are fully utilized and optimally coordinated. Two control modes, namely operation optimization mode and corrective mode, are designed to coordinate voltage control and economic operation of the system. In the first mode, the control objective includes the bus voltages, power losses and dynamic Var reserves of wind turbine generators (WTGs). Only the terminal voltages of WTGs are taken into account in the second mode. The predictive model of the system including VSC and WTGs is developed firstly. The calculation of sensitivity coefficients is done by an analytical method to improve the computational efficiency. Simulation results are presented to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed controller and the control performance is compared with conventional optimal control and loss minimization control. Besides, the robustness of the proposed controller to communication time delay and measurement errors is investigated in the last.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalI E T Renewable Power Generation
    Issue number2
    Pages (from-to)198 - 206
    Publication statusPublished - 2017


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