Coordinated Fast Primary Frequency Control from Offshore Wind Power Plants in MTDC System

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    In this paper, coordinated fast primary frequency control (FPFC) from offshore wind power plants (OWPPs) integrated to surrounding onshore AC power system through a three terminal VSC HVDC system is presented. The onshore AC grid frequency variations are emulated at offshore AC grid through appropriate control blocks, based on modulation of the DC grid voltage. The proposed FPFC produces a power reference to the OWPP based on the frequency deviation and its rate of change measured in the offshore AC grid. Moreover, the impact of wind speed variations on the OWPP active power output and the dynamics of wind turbine are also discussed. The corresponding impact of OWPPs active power output variation at different wind speeds on the power system frequency control and DC grid voltage is also presented. The results show that the proposed coordinated fast primary frequency control from OWPPs improves the power system frequency while relieving the stress on the other AC grid participating in frequency control.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of IEEE International Energy Conference 2016
    Number of pages8
    Publication date2016
    ISBN (Print)9781467384636
    Publication statusPublished - 2016
    Event2016 IEEE International Energy Conference - KU Leuven , Leuven , Belgium
    Duration: 4 Apr 20168 Apr 2016


    Conference2016 IEEE International Energy Conference
    LocationKU Leuven
    Internet address


    • Coordinated frequency control
    • HVDC
    • Offshore wind power plants
    • Ramp rate limiter
    • RMS models


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