Coordinated demand response of rail transit load and energy storage system in considering driving comfort

Hongming Yang, Wangda Shen, Qian Yu, Junpeng Liu, Yizhe Jiang, Emmanuel Ackom, Zhao Yang Dong

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The electric trains typically travel across the railway networks in an inter-provincial, inter-city and intra-city manner. The electric train generally serves as load/source in tractive/brake mode, through which power network and railway network are closely coupled and mutually influenced. Based on the operation mode of rail trains and the characteristics of their load power, this paper proposes a coordinated optimal decision-making method of demand response for controllable load of rail trains and energy storage systems. First of all, the coordinated way of dynamically adjusting the load of the controllable rail train in considering the driving comfort and energy storage battery is designed. Secondly, under the time conditions that satisfy the train operation diagram, the functional relationship between the train speed and the load power is presented. Based on this, in considering the constraints of train arrival time, driving speed, motor power, driving comfort, the capacity of energy storage batteries and other constraints, an optimization model for demand response in managing the traction power supply system under the two-part price and time-of-use (TOU) price is proposed. The objective is to minimize the energy consumption cost of rail transit trains, and optimize the speed trajectory of rail trains, the load power of traction system, and the output of energy storage batteries.
Original languageEnglish
JournalCSEE Journal of Power and Energy Systems
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)749-759
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Rail train
  • Demand response
  • Controllable traction load
  • Energy storage battery
  • Speed trajectory
  • Driving comfort


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