Machine learning is widely used to analyze biological sequence data. Non-sequential models such as SVMs or feed-forward neural networks are often used although they have no natural way of handling sequences of varying length. Recurrent neural networks such as the long short term memory (LSTM) model on the other hand are designed to handle sequences. In this study we demonstrate that LSTM networks predict the subcellular location of proteins given only the protein sequence with high accuracy (0.902) outperforming current state of the art algorithms. We further improve the performance by introducing convolutional filters and experiment with an attention mechanism which lets the LSTM focus on specific parts of the protein. Lastly we introduce new visualizations of both the convolutional filters and the attention mechanisms and show how they can be used to extract biologically relevant knowledge from the LSTM networks.
|Number of pages||1|
|Publication status||Published - 2015|
|Event||First Annual Danish Bioinformatics Conference - Odense, Denmark|
Duration: 27 Aug 2015 → 27 Nov 2015
|Conference||First Annual Danish Bioinformatics Conference|
|Period||27/08/2015 → 27/11/2015|