Controllable growth of electrodeposited single-crystal nanowire arrays: The examples of metal Ni and semiconductor ZnS

Hongyu Sun, Yanlong Yu, Xiaohong Li, Wei Li, Feng Li, Baoting Liu, Xiangyi Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


We succeeded in controlling the growth direction and microstructure of electrodeposited metal Ni and semiconductor ZnS nanowires in 40-nm diameter alumina pores by tuning the deposition current density. A large current density favors the growth of Ni single-crystal nanowires along the normal direction of the normally high-surface-energy (2 2 0) face, which is attributed to that the large deposition current accelerates the surface adsorption of H ions on the face and therefore lowers its surface energy, whereas a small one is favorable for the growth of wurtzite ZnS single-crystal nanowires along the normal direction of the lowest-surface-energy (1 1 0) face. The present study demonstrates the effect of crystal surface energy on the growth direction of electrodeposited nanowires. (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Crystal Growth
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)472-476
Number of pages5
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Externally publishedYes

Cite this