Control of wastewater N2O emissions by balancing the microbial communities using a fuzzy-logic approach

Riccardo Boiocchi, Krist Gernaey, Gürkan Sin

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Abstract

In this work, a fuzzy-logic controller for minimization of the nitrous oxide emission from wastewater treatment plants is developed and tested in a simulation environment. The controller is designed in order to maintain a balance between production and consumption of nitrite by AOB and NOB microorganisms respectively. Thus, accumulation of nitrite is prevented and AOB denitrification, the main N2O producer, is drastically slowed down. The controller is designed to adjust the oxygen supply according to a measured parameter which typically indicates the ratio of the activity of NOB over AOB. The controller is tested on a benchmark simulation model describing the production of N2O during both AOB denitrification and HB denitrification. Comparisons between simulation results of open-loop and closed-loop have revealed the potential of the controller to significantly reduce the amount of N2O emitted (approximately 35%). On the other side, this reduction of N2O was accompanied by an increase in the aeration costs. Moreover, a plant performance evaluation under dynamic disturbances shows that the effluent quality is compromised due to higher requirements of organic carbon by denitrifying heterotrophs. The controller can therefore be considered effective for the reduction of N2O production by AOB but would need to be coupled with a secondary control strategy ensuring a complete oxidation of the nitrogen oxides by heterotrophs to have a good effluent quality.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication IFAC-PapersOnLine
Volume49
PublisherElsevier
Publication date2016
Pages1157-1162
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Event11th IFAC Symposium on Dynamics and Control of Process Systems Including Biosystems DYCOPS-CAB 2016 - Trondheim, Norway
Duration: 6 Jun 20168 Jun 2016
Conference number: 11
http://dycops2016.org/

Conference

Conference11th IFAC Symposium on Dynamics and Control of Process Systems Including Biosystems DYCOPS-CAB 2016
Number11
CountryNorway
CityTrondheim
Period06/06/201608/06/2016
Internet address
SeriesIFAC Proceedings Volumes (IFAC-PapersOnline)
ISSN1474-6670

Keywords

  • Fuzzy-logic
  • Benchmark
  • Nitrous oxide emission
  • Autotrophic denitrification
  • Nitrogen
  • wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs)

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