Control design for a pitch-regulated, variable speed wind turbine

M.H. Hansen, Anca Daniela Hansen, Torben J. Larsen, S. Øye, P. Sørensen, P. Fuglsang

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    Abstract

    The three different controller designs presented herein are similar and all based on PI-regulation of rotor speed and power through the collective blade pitch angle and generator moment. The aeroelastic and electrical modelling used for the time-domainanalysis of these controllers are however different, which makes a directly quantitative comparison difficult. But there are some observations of similar behaviours should be mentioned: • Very similar step responses in rotor speed, pitch angle, and powerare seen for simulations with steps in wind speed. • All controllers show a peak in power for wind speed step-up over rated wind speed, which can be almost removed by changing the parameters of the frequency converter. • Responses of rotor speed, pitchangle, and power for different simulations with turbulent inflow are similar for all three controllers. Again, there seems to be an advantage of tuning the parameters of the frequency converter to obtain a more constant power output. The dynamicmodelling of the power controller is an important result for the inclusion of generator dynamics in the aeroelastic modelling of wind turbines. A reduced dynamic model of the relation between generator torque and generator speed variations is presented;where the integral term of the inner PI-regulator of rotor current is removed be-cause the time constant is very small compared to the important aeroelastic frequencies. It is shown how the parameters of the transfer function for the remaining controlsystem with the outer PI-regulator of power can be derived from the generator data sheet. The main results of the numerical optimisation of the control parameters in the pitch PI-regulator performed in Chapter 6 are the following: • Numericaloptimization can be used to tune controller parameters, especially when the optimization is used as refinement of a qualified initial guess. • The design model used to calculate the initial value parameters, as described in Chapter 3, could not berefined much in terms of performance related to the flapwise blade root moment (1-2 %) and tilt tower base moment (2-3 %). • Numerical optimization of control parameters is not well suited for tuning from scratch. If the initial parameters are too faroff track the simulation might not come through, or a not representative local maximum obtained. The last problem could very well be related to the chosen optimization method, where more future work could be done.
    Original languageEnglish
    Number of pages84
    ISBN (Print)87-550-3409-8
    Publication statusPublished - 2005
    SeriesDenmark. Forskningscenter Risoe. Risoe-R
    Number1500(EN)
    ISSN0106-2840

    Keywords

    • Risø-R-1500
    • Risø-R-1500(EN)

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