Contribution to the Themed Section: Scaling from individual plankton to marine ecosystems HORIZONS Small bugs with a big impact: linking plankton ecology with ecosystem processes

Susanne Menden-Deuer, Thomas Kiørboe

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Abstract

As an introduction to the following Themed Section on the significance of planktonic organisms to the functioning of marine ecosystems and global biogeochemical cycles we discuss the ramifications size imparts on the biology of plankton. We provide examples of how the characteristics of these microscopic organisms shape plankton population dynamics, distributions, and ecosystem functions. Key features of the marine environment place constraints on the ecology and evolution of plankton. Understanding these constraints is critical in developing a mechanistic understanding and predictive capacity of how planktonic ecosystems function, render their capacities in terms of biogeochemical cycling and trophic transfer, and how planktonic communities might respond to changing climate conditions.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Plankton Research
Volume38
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)1036-1043
ISSN0142-7873
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • MARINE
  • OCEANOGRAPHY
  • COMMUNITY STRUCTURE
  • ACARTIA-TONSA
  • SEX-RATIOS
  • OCEAN
  • ZOOPLANKTON
  • PHYTOPLANKTON
  • GROWTH
  • SIZE
  • POPULATION
  • PREDATION
  • Plankton Ecology
  • Scales
  • Biogeochemistry
  • Motility
  • Behavior

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