Continuum insight into the effects of electrode design parameters on the electrochemical performance of lithium-ion batteries

Williams Agyei Appiah*, Dohwan Kim, Yong Min Lee, Juan Maria Garcia-Lastra, Ivano E. Castelli*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Lithium-ion batteries energy and power density strongly depend on the type of active material and the electrode design parameters. An in-depth understanding of the effect of battery design parameters on their electrochemical performance is experimentally expensive and hence requires the utilization of cheaper continuum scale models. Here, using a lithium-ion cell composed of LiFePO4 cathode, Li4Ti5O12 anode and a porous separator filled with a liquid electrolyte as an example, we demonstrate the use of an experimentally validated pseudo-two-dimensional (P2D) model in one-dimension to explore the effects of different cell design parameters on the discharge capacity at different current rates. The model is simulated in two-dimensional to instantly visualize the concentration distribution of Li ions in the electrode at high discharge current rates. The continuum model unravels that the solution phase diffusion limitation is the main factor inhibiting the performance of thick electrodes at high current rates and the Li4Ti5O12 anode is the limiting electrode. These findings using continuum models provide guidance for and accelerate the optimization of electrode architecture for enhancing the performance of lithium-ion batteries.
Original languageEnglish
Article number144470
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume494
Number of pages9
ISSN0013-4686
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024

Keywords

  • Li-ion batteries
  • Continuum scale models
  • Electrode design optimization
  • Pseudo-two-dimensional model

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