Continuous-variable protocol for oblivious transfer in the noisy-storage model

Fabian Furrer, Tobias Gehring*, Christian Schaffner, Christoph Pacher, Roman Schnabel, Stephanie Wehner

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Cryptographic protocols are the backbone of our information society. This includes two-party protocols which offer protection against distrustful players. Such protocols can be built from a basic primitive called oblivious transfer. We present and experimentally demonstrate here a quantum protocol for oblivious transfer for optical continuous-variable systems, and prove its security in the noisy-storage model. This model allows us to establish security by sending more quantum signals than an attacker can reliably store during the protocol. The security proof is based on uncertainty relations which we derive for continuous-variable systems, that differ from the ones used in quantum key distribution. We experimentally demonstrate in a proof-of-principle experiment the proposed oblivious transfer protocol for various channel losses by using entangled two-mode squeezed states measured with balanced homodyne detection. Our work enables the implementation of arbitrary two-party quantum cryptographic protocols with continuous-variable communication systems.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1450
JournalNature Communications
Volume9
Issue number1
Number of pages10
ISSN2041-1723
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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