Continuous Strip Reduction Test Simulating Tribological Conditions in Ironing

Esmeray Üstünyagiz, Chris Valentin Nielsen, Peter Christiansen, Paulo A.F. Martins, Niels Oluf Bay

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Laboratory testing of tribo-systems for sheet metal forming applications must ensure similar conditions with the tribo-parameters that are commonly utilized in real production in order to generate data that is meaningful for industry. The main parameters to consider are the tool and workpiece materials, surface roughnesses, normal pressure, sliding length, sliding speed, interface temperature and lubrication. This paper proposes a new Strip Reduction Test (SRT) for industrial ironing processes that is capable of replicating the highly severe tribological conditions that are experienced during both the forward stroke and the backward retraction of the punch. The new SRT tool design is implemented in a new Universal Sheet Tribo-Tester (UST), which can run multiple tests continuously from a coil. The test is capable of simulating various process parameters such as reduction, drawing speed, tool temperature, sliding length and quantifying the onset of breakdown of the lubricant film and subsequent galling after several strokes not only when emulating the forward strokes but also the backward strokes. Preliminary tests disclose promising results as regards the identification of lubricant film breakdown by detecting changes in measured force, surface roughness and/or torque values.
Original languageEnglish
JournalProcedia Engineering
Pages (from-to)2286–2291
Publication statusPublished - 2017
EventInternational Conference on the Technology of Plasticity (ICTP 2017) - Cambridge, United Kingdom
Duration: 17 Sep 201722 Sep 2017


ConferenceInternational Conference on the Technology of Plasticity (ICTP 2017)
CountryUnited Kingdom


  • Simulative test
  • Sheet metal forming
  • Ironing
  • Tribology

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