Continuous gas-phase hydroformylation of 1-butene using supported ionic liquid phase (SILP) catalysts

Marco Haumann, Katharina Dentler, Joni Joni, Anders Riisager, Peter Wasserscheid

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The concept of supported ionic liquid phase (SILP) catalysis has been extended to 1-butene hydroformylation. A rhodium-sulfoxantphos complex was dissolved in [BMIM][n-C8H17OSO3] and this solution was highly dispersed on silica. Continuous gas-phase experiments in a fixed-bed reactor revealed these SILP catalysts to be highly active, selective and long-term stable. Kinetic data have been acquired by variation of temperature, pressure, syngas composition, substrate and catalyst concentration. A linear dependency in rhodium concentration could be established over a large concentration range giving another excellent hint for truly homogeneous catalysis in the SILP system. Compared to former studies using propene, the SILP system showed significantly higher activity and selectivity with 1-butene as feedstock. These findings could be elucidated by solubility measurements using a magnetic microbalance.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAdvanced Synthesis and Catalysis
Volume349
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)425-431
ISSN1615-4150
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Keywords

  • Hydroformylation
  • Ionic liquids
  • Kinetics
  • Rhodium
  • Supported catalysts

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