Continuous cultivations of a Penicillium chrysogenum strain expressing the expandase gene from Streptomyces clavuligerus: Kinetics of adipoyl-7-aminodeacetoxycephalosporanic acid and byproduct formations

Jarno Jacky Christian Robin, P. Bruheim, M.L. Nielsen, H. Noorman, Jens Nielsen

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    The production kinetics of a transformed strain of Penicillium chrysogenum expressing the expandase gene from Streptomyces clavuligerus was investigated in chemostat cultivations. The recombinant strain produces adipoyl-7-aminodeacetoxycephalosporanic acid (ad-7-ADCA) as the major product; however, during the cultivations, the appearance of a major unknown and poorly secreted product was observed. Investigations using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and liquid chromatography-mass spectroscopy (LC-MS) showed that this byproduct has a six-membered dihydrothiazine ring, which is characteristic for cephalosporins. The byproduct may be formed via isopenicillin N by as-yet unknown mechanisms, but involving expandase. It is likely that the unknown compound (UC) is deacetoxycephalosporin C (DAOC). Investigation of the instability of the various beta-lactams produced showed higher instability for compounds with a five-membered thiazolidine ring than those with a six-membered dihydrothiazine ring. Furthermore, secretion of products and by-products was shown to be quite different. The productivity was studied as a function of the dilution rate in the range 0.015 to 0.090 h(-1). The specific productivity of total beta-lactams was compared with that of the penicillin-G-producing host strain, and it was found to be lower at dilution rates of
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalBiotechnology and Bioengineering
    Volume83
    Issue number3
    Pages (from-to)353-360
    ISSN0006-3592
    Publication statusPublished - 2003

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