Consumption of fatty foods and incident type 2 diabetes in populations from eight European countries

B. Buijsse, H. Boeing, D. Drogan, M. B. Schulze, E. J. Feskens, P. Amiano, A. Barricarte, F. Clavel-Chapelon, B. de Lauzon-Guillain, G. Fagherazzi, A. Fonseca-Nunes, P. W. Franks, J. M. Huerta, Marianne Uhre Jakobsen, R. Kaaks, T. J. Key, K. T. Khaw, G. Masala, A. Moskal, P. M. NilssonK. Overvad, V. Pala, S. Panico, M. L. Redondo, F. Ricceri, O. Rolandsson, M-J Sanchez, I. Sluijs, A. M. Spijkerman, A. Tjonneland, R. Tumino, D. L. van der A, Y. T. van der Schouw, C. Langenberg, S. J. Sharp, N. G. Forouhi, E. Riboli, N. J. Wareham

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Diets high in saturated and trans fat and low in unsaturated fat may increase type 2 diabetes (T2D) risk, but studies on foods high in fat per unit weight are sparse. We assessed whether the intake of vegetable oil, butter, margarine, nuts and seeds and cakes and cookies is related to incident T2D. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A case-cohort study was conducted, nested within eight countries of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer (EPIC), with 12 403 incident T2D cases and a subcohort of 16 835 people, identified from a cohort of 340 234 people. Diet was assessed at baseline (1991-1999) by country-specific questionnaires. Country-specific hazard ratios (HRs) across four categories of fatty foods (nonconsumers and tertiles among consumers) were combined with random-effects meta-analysis. RESULTS: After adjustment not including body mass index (BMI), nonconsumers of butter, nuts and seeds and cakes and cookies were at higher T2D risk compared with the middle tertile of consumption. Among consumers, cakes and cookies were inversely related to T2D (HRs across increasing tertiles 1.14, 1.00 and 0.92, respectively; P-trend
Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume69
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)455-461
Number of pages7
ISSN0954-3007
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes

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