The application of the shape memory alloy NiTi in micro-electro-mechanical- systems (MEMSs) is extensive nowadays. In MEMS, complex while precise motion control is always vital. This makes the degradation of the functional properties of NiTi during cycling loading such as the appearance of residual strain become a serious problem to study, in particular for laser micro-welded NiTi in real applications. Although many experimental efforts have been put to study the mechanical properties of laser welded NiTi, surprisingly, up to the best of our understanding, there has not been attempts to quantitatively model the laser-welded NiTi under mechanical cycling in spite of the accurate prediction required in applications and the large number of constitutive models to quantify the thermo-mechanical behavior of shape memory alloys. As the first attempt to fill the gap, we employ a recent constitutive model, which describes the localized SIMT in NiTi under cyclic deformation; with suitable modifications to model the mechanical behavior of the laser welded NiTi under cyclic tension. The simulation of the model on a range of tensile cyclic deformation is consistent with the results of a series of experiments. From this, we conclude that the plastic deformation localized in the welded regions (WZ and HAZs) of the NiTi weldment can explain most of the extra amount of residual strain appearing in welded NiTi compared to the bare one. Meanwhile, contrary to common belief, we find that the ability of the weldment to memorize its transformation history, sometimes known as 'return point memory', still remains unchanged basically though the effective working limit of this ability reduces to within 6% deformation. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Chan, C. W., Chan, S. H. J., Man, H. C., & Ji, P. (2012). Constitutive model for localized Lüders-like stress-induced martensitic transformation and super-elastic behaviors of laser-welded NiTi wires. Computational Materials Science, 63, 197-206. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.commatsci.2012.06.009