Considering built environment and spatial correlation in modelling pedestrian injury severity

Carlo G. Prato, Sigal Kaplan, Alexandre Patrier, Thomas Kjær Rasmussen

    Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference abstract for conferenceResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    This study looks at mitigating and aggravating factors that are associated with the injury severity of pedestrians when they have crashes with another road user and overcomes existing limitations in the literature by posing attention on the built environment and considering spatial correlation across crashes. Reports for 6539 pedestrian crashes occurred in Denmark between 2006 and 2015 were merged with geographic information system resources containing detailed information about built environment and exposure at the crash locations. A linearised spatial logit model estimated the probability of pedestrians to sustain a severe or fatal injury conditional on the occurrence of a crash with another road user. This study confirms previous findings about older pedestrians and intoxicated pedestrians being the most vulnerable road users, and crashes with heavy vehicles and in roads with higher speed limits being related to the most severe outcomes. This study provides also novel perspectives by showing positive spatial correlation of crashes with the same severity outcome and emphasising the role of the built environment in the proximity of the crash. This study emphasises the need for thinking about traffic calming measures, illumination solutions, road maintenance programs and speed limit reductions. Moreover, this study emphasises the role of the built environment, as shopping areas, residential areas, and walking traffic density are positively related to a reduction in pedestrian injury severity. Often, these areas have in common a larger pedestrian mass that is more likely to make other road users more aware and attentive, while the same does not seem to apply to areas with lower pedestrian density.
    Original languageEnglish
    Publication date2017
    Publication statusPublished - 2017
    EventAnnual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board - Washington, United States
    Duration: 8 Jan 201712 Jan 2017

    Conference

    ConferenceAnnual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board
    CountryUnited States
    CityWashington
    Period08/01/201712/01/2017

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