Conservation and restoration of a keystone species

Understanding the settlement preferences of the European oyster (Ostrea edulis)

Ana Rodriguez-Perez, Mark James, David W. Donnan, Theodore B. Henry, Lene Friis Møller, William G. Sanderson*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

The European oyster Ostrea edulis is a keystone species that is internationally recognised as ‘threatened and declining’ in the NE Atlantic by OSPAR and several nations have consequently adopted strategies for its conservation and restoration. Understanding the settlement behaviour of O. edulis larvae is crucial to inform these strategies. We compared the efficiency of several treatments in triggering settlement. The most effective settlement occurred with the presence of conspecifics: 100% settled in <23 h. Marine stones with habitat-associated biofilms induced 81% settlement that started after a 45 h delay. Sterile shells and terrestrial stones did not induce more settlement than control treatments. These results indicate that O. edulis larvae are gregarious and finely-tuned to settle in response to cues which are indicative of their adult habitat requirements. The role of chemical cues in mediating settlement, and the importance of this to restoration, are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMarine Pollution Bulletin
Volume138
Pages (from-to)312-321
ISSN0025-326X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Bibliographical note

This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/BY-NC-ND/4.0/).

Keywords

  • Conservation
  • Keystone species
  • Ostrea edulis
  • Oyster
  • Restoration
  • Settlement

Cite this

Rodriguez-Perez, Ana ; James, Mark ; Donnan, David W. ; Henry, Theodore B. ; Møller, Lene Friis ; Sanderson, William G. / Conservation and restoration of a keystone species : Understanding the settlement preferences of the European oyster (Ostrea edulis). In: Marine Pollution Bulletin. 2019 ; Vol. 138. pp. 312-321.
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abstract = "The European oyster Ostrea edulis is a keystone species that is internationally recognised as ‘threatened and declining’ in the NE Atlantic by OSPAR and several nations have consequently adopted strategies for its conservation and restoration. Understanding the settlement behaviour of O. edulis larvae is crucial to inform these strategies. We compared the efficiency of several treatments in triggering settlement. The most effective settlement occurred with the presence of conspecifics: 100{\%} settled in <23 h. Marine stones with habitat-associated biofilms induced 81{\%} settlement that started after a 45 h delay. Sterile shells and terrestrial stones did not induce more settlement than control treatments. These results indicate that O. edulis larvae are gregarious and finely-tuned to settle in response to cues which are indicative of their adult habitat requirements. The role of chemical cues in mediating settlement, and the importance of this to restoration, are discussed.",
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year = "2019",
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Conservation and restoration of a keystone species : Understanding the settlement preferences of the European oyster (Ostrea edulis). / Rodriguez-Perez, Ana; James, Mark; Donnan, David W.; Henry, Theodore B.; Møller, Lene Friis; Sanderson, William G.

In: Marine Pollution Bulletin, Vol. 138, 2019, p. 312-321.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Conservation and restoration of a keystone species

T2 - Understanding the settlement preferences of the European oyster (Ostrea edulis)

AU - Rodriguez-Perez, Ana

AU - James, Mark

AU - Donnan, David W.

AU - Henry, Theodore B.

AU - Møller, Lene Friis

AU - Sanderson, William G.

N1 - This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/BY-NC-ND/4.0/).

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - The European oyster Ostrea edulis is a keystone species that is internationally recognised as ‘threatened and declining’ in the NE Atlantic by OSPAR and several nations have consequently adopted strategies for its conservation and restoration. Understanding the settlement behaviour of O. edulis larvae is crucial to inform these strategies. We compared the efficiency of several treatments in triggering settlement. The most effective settlement occurred with the presence of conspecifics: 100% settled in <23 h. Marine stones with habitat-associated biofilms induced 81% settlement that started after a 45 h delay. Sterile shells and terrestrial stones did not induce more settlement than control treatments. These results indicate that O. edulis larvae are gregarious and finely-tuned to settle in response to cues which are indicative of their adult habitat requirements. The role of chemical cues in mediating settlement, and the importance of this to restoration, are discussed.

AB - The European oyster Ostrea edulis is a keystone species that is internationally recognised as ‘threatened and declining’ in the NE Atlantic by OSPAR and several nations have consequently adopted strategies for its conservation and restoration. Understanding the settlement behaviour of O. edulis larvae is crucial to inform these strategies. We compared the efficiency of several treatments in triggering settlement. The most effective settlement occurred with the presence of conspecifics: 100% settled in <23 h. Marine stones with habitat-associated biofilms induced 81% settlement that started after a 45 h delay. Sterile shells and terrestrial stones did not induce more settlement than control treatments. These results indicate that O. edulis larvae are gregarious and finely-tuned to settle in response to cues which are indicative of their adult habitat requirements. The role of chemical cues in mediating settlement, and the importance of this to restoration, are discussed.

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KW - Restoration

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SN - 0025-326X

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