The physical and chemical properties of conjugated polymers often depend very strongly on the degree of doping with anions or cations. The movement of ions in and out of the polymer matrix as it is redox cycled is also accompanied by mechanical changes. Both the volume and the stiffness can exhibit significant differences between the oxidized and reduced states. These effects form the basis of the use of conjugated polymers as actuators (or “artificial muscles”) controllable by a small (1-10 V) voltage. Three basic modes of actuation (bending, linear extension and stiffness change) have been proposed. This work discusses their relative merits and possible areas of application.
|Publication status||Published - 2004|
|Event||International Conference on Electroactive Polymers: Materials and Devices - Dalhousie, India|
Duration: 1 Nov 2004 → 5 Nov 2004
|Conference||International Conference on Electroactive Polymers|
|Period||01/11/2004 → 05/11/2004|