Conifer fibers as reinforcing materials for polypropylene-based composites

David Plackett, Chuai Chengzhi, Kristoffer Almdal, Lars Poulsen

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Conifer fibers were used to reinforce polypropylene (PP). To improve the compatibility between the conifer fibers and the PP matrix, the fibers were either grafted with maleated PP (MAPP), treated by adding MAPP, or mixed with ethylene/propylene/diene terpolymer (EPDM). The treatments resulted in improved processing, as well as improvements in the thermal and mechanical properties of the resultant composites compared with the composites filled with untreated conifer fibers. Moreover, MAPP grafting and MAPP treating displayed more obvious benefits than EPDM treating in terms of thermal properties, processing flowability, and tensile strength improvements. EPDM treating also produced more significant benefits than either MAPP grafting or MAPP treating in terms of impact strength and tensile elongation improvements. These improvements were attributed to surface coating of the fibers when EPDM was used. In addition, the effect of the concentration of the conifer fibers on the properties of the composites and the difference between MAPP grafting and MAPP treating were evaluated.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
    Volume80
    Issue number14
    Pages (from-to)2833-2841
    ISSN0021-8995
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2001

    Keywords

    • Polymer Process

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