Congestion in a city with a central bottleneck

Mogens Fosgerau, André de Palma

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearch

    Abstract

    We consider dynamic congestion in an urban setting where trip origins are spatially distributed. All travelers must pass through a downtown bottleneck in order to reach their destination in the CBD. Each traveler chooses departure time to maximize general concave scheduling utility. At equilibrium, travelers sort according to their distance to the destination. We construct a welfare maximizing tolling regime, which eliminates congestion. All travelers located beyond a critical distance from the CBD gain from tolling, even when toll revenues are not redistributed, while nearby travelers lose. We discuss our results in the context of acceptability of tolling policies.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationKuhmo Nectar Conference and Summer School on Transportation Economics
    Publication date2010
    Publication statusPublished - 2010
    EventKuhmo Nectar Conference and Summer School on Transportation Economics 2010 - Valencia, Spain
    Duration: 5 Jul 20109 Jul 2010
    http://www.adeit.uv.es/kuhmonectar2010/

    Conference

    ConferenceKuhmo Nectar Conference and Summer School on Transportation Economics 2010
    CountrySpain
    CityValencia
    Period05/07/201009/07/2010
    Internet address

    Bibliographical note

    We thank Richard Arnott for comments. Mogens Fosgerau is funded by the Danish Council for Strategic Research. Support is gratefully acknowledged from PREDIT and ADEME grants to project "Tarification des Transports Individuels et Collectifs à Paris: Dynamique de l’acceptabilité". The opinions and conclusions expressed in this paper are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of the Mini. de l’Ecol., de l’Energie, du Dévelop. durable et de la Mer. This paper has been screened to make sure that no confidential information has been disclosed by the authors.

    Keywords

    • Spatial differentiation
    • Acceptability
    • Dynamic model
    • Toll policy

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