Confocal annular Josephson tunnel junctions (CAJTJs), which are the natural generalization of the circular annular Josephson tunnel junctions, have a rich nonlinear phenomenology due to the intrinsic non-uniformity of their planar tunnel barrier delimited by two closely spaced confocal ellipses. In the presence of a uniform magnetic field in the barrier plane, the periodically changing width of the elliptical annulus generates a asymmetric double-well for a Josephson vortex trapped in a long and narrow CAJTJ. The preparation and readout of the vortex pinned in one of the two potential minima, which are important for the possible realization of a vortex qubit, have been numerically and experimentally investigated for CAJTJs with the moderate aspect ratio 2:1. In this work, we focus on the impact of the annulus eccentricity on the properties of the vortex potential profile and study the depinning mechanism of a fluxon in more eccentric samples with aspect ratio 4:1. We also discuss the effects of the temperature-dependent losses as well as the influence of the current and magnetic noise.
- Double-well potential
- Josephson devices
- Quantum computation
Monaco, R., Mygind, J., & Filippenko, L. V. (2018). Confocal Annular Josephson Tunnel Junctions with Large Eccentricity. Journal of Low Temperature Physics, 192(5-6), 315-329. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10909-018-1977-1