BaCe0.2Zr0.7Y(0.1 − ξ)NiξO(3 − δ) compounds with ξ = 0.01 and 0.02 have been synthesized by solid state reaction at 1400 °C and sintered at 1450 °C. TEM analyses were performed and showed a segregation of nickel at the grain boundaries for ξ = 0.02. This apparent solubility limit of Ni in the B-site of the perovskite is in agreement with similar data obtained earlier for the two compositions. The first aim of this work was to evaluate the conductivity of BaCe0.2Zr0.7Y(0.1 − ξ)NiξO(3 − δ) at temperature between 500 and 900 °C, using impedance spectroscopy at different oxygen partial pressures and water vapor pressures, as well as the emf technique. The compounds exhibit p-type conduction in oxidizing atmosphere, and ionic conduction elsewhere. The oxide ion contribution of the conductivity is negligible only for temperatures below 600 °C. The determination of hydration enthalpies, our second goal, was achieved by modelling of the conductivity data and by thermogravimetric measurements (TG-DSC).
Ricote, S., Bonanos, N., Wang, H-J., & Haugsrud, R. (2011). Conductivity, transport number measurements and hydration thermodynamics of BaCe0.2Zr0.7Y(0.1 − ξ)NiξO(3 − δ). Solid State Ionics, 185(1), 11-17. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssi.2010.12.012