Conductivity mapping of graphene on polymeric films by terahertz time-domain spectroscopy

Patrick Rebsdorf Whelan*, Deping Huang, David Mackenzie, Sara A. Messina, Zhancheng Li, Xin Li, Yunqing Li, Timothy J. Booth, Peter Uhd Jepsen, Haofei Shi, Peter Bøggild

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Fast inline characterization of the electrical properties of graphene on polymeric substrates is an essential requirement for quality control in industrial graphene production. Here we show that it is possible to measure the sheet conductivity of graphene on polymer films by terahertz time-domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS) when all internally reflected echoes in the substrate are taken into consideration. The conductivity measured by THz-TDS is comparable to values obtained from four point probe measurements. THz-TDS maps of 25x30 cm2 area graphene films were recorded and the DC conductivity and carrier scattering time were extracted from the measurements. Additionally, the THz-TDS conductivity maps highlight tears and holes in the graphene film, which are not easily visible by optical inspection.
Original languageEnglish
JournalOptics Express
Volume26
Issue number14
Pages (from-to)17748-17754
ISSN1094-4087
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Cite this

Whelan, Patrick Rebsdorf ; Huang, Deping ; Mackenzie, David ; Messina, Sara A. ; Li, Zhancheng ; Li, Xin ; Li, Yunqing ; Booth, Timothy J. ; Jepsen, Peter Uhd ; Shi, Haofei ; Bøggild, Peter. / Conductivity mapping of graphene on polymeric films by terahertz time-domain spectroscopy. In: Optics Express. 2018 ; Vol. 26, No. 14. pp. 17748-17754.
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title = "Conductivity mapping of graphene on polymeric films by terahertz time-domain spectroscopy",
abstract = "Fast inline characterization of the electrical properties of graphene on polymeric substrates is an essential requirement for quality control in industrial graphene production. Here we show that it is possible to measure the sheet conductivity of graphene on polymer films by terahertz time-domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS) when all internally reflected echoes in the substrate are taken into consideration. The conductivity measured by THz-TDS is comparable to values obtained from four point probe measurements. THz-TDS maps of 25x30 cm2 area graphene films were recorded and the DC conductivity and carrier scattering time were extracted from the measurements. Additionally, the THz-TDS conductivity maps highlight tears and holes in the graphene film, which are not easily visible by optical inspection.",
author = "Whelan, {Patrick Rebsdorf} and Deping Huang and David Mackenzie and Messina, {Sara A.} and Zhancheng Li and Xin Li and Yunqing Li and Booth, {Timothy J.} and Jepsen, {Peter Uhd} and Haofei Shi and Peter B{\o}ggild",
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doi = "10.1364/OE.26.017748",
language = "English",
volume = "26",
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Whelan, PR, Huang, D, Mackenzie, D, Messina, SA, Li, Z, Li, X, Li, Y, Booth, TJ, Jepsen, PU, Shi, H & Bøggild, P 2018, 'Conductivity mapping of graphene on polymeric films by terahertz time-domain spectroscopy', Optics Express, vol. 26, no. 14, pp. 17748-17754. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.26.017748

Conductivity mapping of graphene on polymeric films by terahertz time-domain spectroscopy. / Whelan, Patrick Rebsdorf; Huang, Deping; Mackenzie, David; Messina, Sara A.; Li, Zhancheng; Li, Xin; Li, Yunqing; Booth, Timothy J.; Jepsen, Peter Uhd; Shi, Haofei; Bøggild, Peter.

In: Optics Express, Vol. 26, No. 14, 2018, p. 17748-17754.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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AU - Whelan, Patrick Rebsdorf

AU - Huang, Deping

AU - Mackenzie, David

AU - Messina, Sara A.

AU - Li, Zhancheng

AU - Li, Xin

AU - Li, Yunqing

AU - Booth, Timothy J.

AU - Jepsen, Peter Uhd

AU - Shi, Haofei

AU - Bøggild, Peter

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Fast inline characterization of the electrical properties of graphene on polymeric substrates is an essential requirement for quality control in industrial graphene production. Here we show that it is possible to measure the sheet conductivity of graphene on polymer films by terahertz time-domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS) when all internally reflected echoes in the substrate are taken into consideration. The conductivity measured by THz-TDS is comparable to values obtained from four point probe measurements. THz-TDS maps of 25x30 cm2 area graphene films were recorded and the DC conductivity and carrier scattering time were extracted from the measurements. Additionally, the THz-TDS conductivity maps highlight tears and holes in the graphene film, which are not easily visible by optical inspection.

AB - Fast inline characterization of the electrical properties of graphene on polymeric substrates is an essential requirement for quality control in industrial graphene production. Here we show that it is possible to measure the sheet conductivity of graphene on polymer films by terahertz time-domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS) when all internally reflected echoes in the substrate are taken into consideration. The conductivity measured by THz-TDS is comparable to values obtained from four point probe measurements. THz-TDS maps of 25x30 cm2 area graphene films were recorded and the DC conductivity and carrier scattering time were extracted from the measurements. Additionally, the THz-TDS conductivity maps highlight tears and holes in the graphene film, which are not easily visible by optical inspection.

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