Conductive Oxides Trench Structures as Hyperbolic Metamaterials in Mid-infrared Range

Osamu Takayama, Evgeniy Shkondin, Mohammad Esmail Aryaee Panah, Taavi Repän, Radu Malureanu, Flemming Jensen, Andrei Lavrinenko

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    Abstract

    Nanostructures that possess hyperbolic iso-frequency contours exhibit unique properties of high anisotropy and extremely large wavevectors, which are the key issue to numerous photonic applications from subdiffraction imaging and superlens to sensing and spontaneous emission enhancement [1,2]. Moreover plasmonics for mid-infrared offer unique applications such as bio-sensing, thermal imaging and quest for novel materials and structures has been continuing [3]. In this report we show that vertical trench structures made of, for example, aluminum-doped ZnO (AZO) or other transparent conductive oxides can function as hyperbolic metamaterials (HMMs) for the mid-infrared wavelength region.
    We fabricated a probe sample by a combination of atomic layer deposition (ALD) and dry etch techniques. We templated a Si wafer with deep UV photolithography and made trenches by deep reactive ion etching. Subsequent deposition of an AZO layer by the ALD technique forms vertical AZO trenches with a high aspect ratio (Fig.1a). After homogenization procedure the structure exhibits hyperbolic dispersion (Fig.1b) serving as an attractive platform for light manipulation [4]. Characterization results will be reported at the conference.
    Original languageEnglish
    Publication date2016
    Number of pages1
    Publication statusPublished - 2016
    Event14th International Conference of Near-Field Optics, Nanophotonics and Related Techniques - Hamamatsu, Japan
    Duration: 4 Sep 20168 Sep 2016
    Conference number: 14

    Conference

    Conference14th International Conference of Near-Field Optics, Nanophotonics and Related Techniques
    Number14
    Country/TerritoryJapan
    CityHamamatsu
    Period04/09/201608/09/2016

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