Conceptualising a resilience cooling system: a socio-technical approach

Wendy Miller*, Anaïs Machard, Emanuelle Bozonnet, Nari Yoon, Dahai Qi, Chen Zhang, Aaron Liu, Abantika Sengupta, Jan Akander, Abolfazl Hayati, Mathias Cehlin, Ongun Berk Kazanci, Ronnen Levinson

*Corresponding author for this work

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Prolonged and/or extreme heat has become a natural hazard that presents a significant risk to humans and the buildings, technologies, and infrastructure on which they have previously relied on to provide cooling. This paper presents a conceptual model of a resilient cooling system centred on people, the socio-cultural-technical contexts they inhabit, and the risks posed by the temperature hazard. An integrative literature review process was used to undertake a critical and comprehensive evaluation of published research and grey literature with the objective of adding clarity and detail to the model. Two databases were used to identify risk management and natural hazard literature in multiple disciplines that represent subcomponents of community resilience (social, economic, institutional, infrastructure and environment systems). This review enabled us to characterise in more detail the nature of the temperature hazard, the functionality characteristics of a resilient cooling system, and key elements of the four subsystems: people, buildings, cooling technologies and energy infrastructure. Six key messages can be surmised from this review, providing a guide for future work in policy and practice.
Original languageEnglish
Article number100065
JournalCity and Environment Interactions
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021


  • Antecedent conditions
  • Built Back Better
  • Disaster risk management
  • Temperature hazard
  • Resilience capacity
  • Resilience dividend

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