Concentration polarization, surface currents, and bulk advection in a microchannel

Christoffer Peder Nielsen, Henrik Bruus

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Abstract

We present a comprehensive analysis of salt transport and overlimiting currents in a microchannel during concentration polarization. We have carried out full numerical simulations of the coupled Poisson-Nernst-Planck-Stokes problem governing the transport and rationalized the behavior of the system. A remarkable outcome of the investigations is the discovery of strong couplings between bulk advection and the surface current; without a surface current, bulk advection is strongly suppressed. The numerical simulations are supplemented by analytical models valid in the long channel limit as well as in the limit of negligible surface charge. By including the effects of diffusion and advection in the diffuse part of the electric double layers, we extend a recently published analytical model of overlimiting current due to surface conduction.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPhysical Review E
Volume90
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)043020
Number of pages14
ISSN2470-0045
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Bibliographical note

©2014 American Physical Society

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