Computer Simulation to Rationalize "Rational" Engineering of Glycoside Hydrolases and Glycosyltransferases

Joan Coines, Irene Cuxart, David Teze*, Carme Rovira*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Glycoside hydrolases and glycosyltransferases are the main classes of enzymes that synthesize and degrade carbohydrates, molecules essential to life that are a challenge for classical chemistry. As such, considerable efforts have been made to engineer these enzymes and make them pliable to human needs, ranging from directed evolution to rational design, including mechanism engineering. Such endeavors fall short and are unreported in numerous cases, while even success is a necessary but not sufficient proof that the chemical rationale behind the design is correct. Here we review some of the recent work in CAZyme mechanism engineering, showing that computational simulations are instrumental to rationalize experimental data, providing mechanistic insight into how native and engineered CAZymes catalyze chemical reactions. We illustrate this with two recent studies in which (i) a glycoside hydrolase is converted into a glycoside phosphorylase and (ii) substrate specificity of a glycosyltransferase is engineered toward forming O-, N-, or S-glycosidic bonds.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry Part B: Condensed Matter, Materials, Surfaces, Interfaces & Biophysical
Volume126
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)802-812
Number of pages11
ISSN1520-6106
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

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