Computational Discovery and Experimental Demonstration of Boron Phosphide Ultraviolet Nanoresonators

Mark K. Svendsen, Hiroshi Sugimoto, Artyom Assadillayev, Daisuke Shima, Minoru Fujii, Kristian S. Thygesen*, Søren Raza

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Controlling ultraviolet light at the nanoscale using optical Mie resonances holds great promise for a diverse set of applications, such as lithography, sterilization, and biospectroscopy. Access to the ultraviolet requires materials with a high refractive index and wide band gap energy. Here, the authors systematically search for such materials by computing the frequency-dependent optical permittivity of 338 binary semiconductors and insulators from first principles, and evaluate their scattering properties using Mie theory. This analysis reveals several interesting candidate materials among which boron phosphide (BP) appears most promising. Then BP nanoparticles are prepared and it is demonstrated that they support Mie resonances at visible and ultraviolet wavelengths using both far-field optical measurements and near-field electron energy-loss spectroscopy. A laser reshaping method is also presented to realize spherical Mie-resonant BP nanoparticles. With a refractive index over three and low absorption losses in a broad spectral range spanning from the infrared to the near ultraviolet, BP is an appealing material for a broad range of applications in dielectric nanophotonics.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2200422
JournalAdvanced Optical Materials
Volume10
Issue number16
Number of pages9
ISSN2195-1071
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • Boron phosphide
  • Electron energy-loss spectroscopy
  • High-refractive-index nanostructures
  • High-throughput screening
  • Laser reshaping
  • Mie resonances

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