Compression fatigue of Wind Turbine Blade composites materials and damage mechanisms

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According to the new IEC 61400-5-rev0 recommendation, which is under preparation it will be required to qualify wind turbine blade (WTB) composite materials in fatigue at R=0.1, R=-1, and R=10. As a minimum fatigue at R=-1 is required. This is a consequence of the ever-growing blades, where gravity driven edgewise bending introduces significant fully reversed cycling at the leading and trailing edges. Therefore, material manufacturer and WTB manufacturer demand test results of highest reliability and reproducibility. However, these equirements for compression-compression and tensioncompression fatigue properties are a big challenge for the test institutes to meet. Tests are very difficult to perform, as it is nearly impossible to design an optimal test setup. This study shows a newly developed sample geometry and test method in order to obtain representative and reliable results. Two different laminate architectures have been tested in order to validate the test method. Damage mechanisms and damage progression in compression fatigue have been investigated using 3D X-Ray Tomography and a qualitative explanation of the damage mechanisms is presented.
Original languageEnglish
Publication date2017
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Event21st International Conference on Composite Materials (ICCM-21) - Xi'an, China
Duration: 20 Aug 201725 Aug 2017


Conference21st International Conference on Composite Materials (ICCM-21)


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