Comprehensive Hypotheses for Degradation Mechanisms in Ni-Stabilized Zirconia Electrodes

Mogens Bjerg Mogensen, Ming Chen, Henrik Lund Frandsen, Christopher R. Graves, Anne Hauch, Torben Jacobsen, Søren Højgaard Jensen, Theis Løye Skafte, Xiufu Sun

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Abstract

Degradation of nickel-stabilized zirconia (Ni-SZ) electrodes is predominantly due to four features 1) high mobility of Ni, 2) fragile nature of SZ ceramics, 3) narrow three phase boundary (3PB), and 4) effects of impurities: i) in blocking (poisoning of 3PB), and ii) on mobility of Ni. Impurities may be contaminants in reactant gases and influenced by the reactants H2O, CO2 and CO, or impurities in cell and stack materials. Examples of important degradation types and hypotheses of the degradation mechanisms are described. Examples are: a) loss of electrochemical contact between Ni and YSZ (yttria stabilized zirconia) particles and loss of contact between Ni-Ni particles followed by Ni-migration away from the YSZ electrolyte - one reason is hypothesized being a result of huge potential and thermal gradients at the 3PB; b) growth of Ni-particles; c) redoxing; d) blocking of 3PB and reaction sites by impurities like Si and S. Mitigation methods are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
JournalECS Transactions
Volume91
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)613-620
ISSN1938-5862
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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