Composition-dependent variation of magnetic properties and interstitial ordering in homogeneous expanded austenite

Bastian K. Brink, Kenny Ståhl, Thomas Lundin Christiansen, Cathrine Frandsen, Mikkel Fougt Hansen, Marcel A. J. Somers

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The crystal structure and magnetic properties of austenitic stainless steel with a colossal interstitial content, so-called expanded austenite, are currently not completely understood. In the present work, the magnetic properties of homogeneous samples of expanded austenite, as prepared by lowerature nitriding of thin foils, were investigated with magnetometry and Mössbauer spectroscopy. At room temperature, expanded austenite is paramagnetic for relatively low and for relatively high nitrogen contents (yN = 0.13 and 0.55, respectively, where yN is the interstitial nitrogen occupancy), while ferromagnetism is observed for intermediate nitrogen loads. Spontaneous volume magnetostriction was observed in the ferromagnetic state and the Curie temperature was found to depend strongly on the nitrogen content. For the first time, X-ray diffraction evidence for the occurrence of long-range interstitial order of nitrogen atoms in expanded austenite was observed for high nitrogen contents.
Original languageEnglish
JournalActa Materialia
Pages (from-to)32-39
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • Low temperature surface hardening
  • Gas nitriding
  • Expanded austenite
  • Magnetostriction
  • Mössbauer spectroscopy


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