Complex Interspecific Hybridization in Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) and the Possible Occurrence of Apomixis

R. von Bothmer, M. Bengtsson, J. Flink, I. Linde-Laursen

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    Abstract

    Several complex hybrids were produced from the combination [(Hordeum lechleri, 6 .times. .times. H. procerum, 6 .times.) .times. H. vulgare, 2 .times.]. Crosses with six diploid barley lines resulted in triple hybrids, most of which had a full complement of barley chromosomes (no. 1-7), but were mixoploid with respect to alien chromosomes (19-22). In one combination, chromosome no. 7 was duplicated. Meiosis in triple hybrids showed low, but variable pairing (1.3-5.5 chiasmata per cell). The syndesis probably did not include the barley chromosomes. Direct backcrosses to di- and tetraploid barleylines were unsuccessful. Chromosome doubling of the triple hybrid based on cv 'Pallas' resulted in a plant with 2n = 53-56, which had an increased fertility. Backcrosses to one di- and one tetraploid barley line resulted in offspring. The cross made with the tetraploid line ('Haisa II'), produced a 28-chromosomic plant in which the male parental genome was absent. We suspect that this plant may have arisen through parthenogenetic development of a reduced female gemete. The other cross with a diploid line ('9208/9') resulted in plant with 2n = 51-53. The most likely explanation for this second plant is that an unreduced gamete from the amphiploid was fertilized by a normal gamete from the backcross parent, and during early embryo development, some chromosomes were eliminated.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalTheoretical and Applied Genetics
    Volume76
    Issue number5
    Pages (from-to)681-690
    ISSN0040-5752
    Publication statusPublished - 1988

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