Complete evolution equation for the joint amplitude in photon-pair generation through spontaneous four-wave mixing

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Abstract

As four-wave-mixing-based photon-pair sources mature, accurate modeling of the photon-pair properties becomes important. Unlike spontaneous parametric down-conversion, four-wave mixing is accompanied by a number of parasitic effects such as nonlinear self- and cross-phase modulation. Currently, most modelings of photon-pair states are analytic in nature, which limits the number and type of effects that can be taken into account. In this work, we derive a complete, dual-pump evolution equation for the joint amplitude of photon pairs, wherein any desired effects can be included. We describe how to efficiently obtain numerical solution to this equation using a split-step approach. Lastly, we cover a few analytical solutions and compare two schemes for pure-photon generation under three different parasitic effects. We show how one scheme is highly sensitive to parasitic effects, while the other is very robust.
Original languageEnglish
Article number063813
JournalPhysical Review A
Volume100
Issue number6
Number of pages8
ISSN2469-9926
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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