Compensating for oblique ear-probe insertions in ear-canal reflectance measurements

Kren Rahbek Nørgaard*, Efren Fernandez Grande, Søren Laugesen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Measurements of the ear-canal reflectance using an ear probe require estimating the characteristic impedance of the ear canal in situ. However, an oblique insertion of the ear probe into a uniform waveguide prevents accurately estimating its characteristic impedance using existing time-domain methods. This is caused by the non-uniformity immediately in front of the ear probe when inserted at an oblique angle, resembling a short horn loading, and introduces errors into the ear-canal reflectance. This paper gives an overview of the influence of oblique ear-probe insertions and shows how they can be detected and quantified by estimating the characteristic impedance using multiple truncation frequencies, i.e., limiting the utilized frequency range. Additionally, a method is proposed to compensate for the effects on reflectance of an oblique ear-probe insertion into a uniform waveguide. The incident impedance of the horn loading is estimated, i.e., were the uniform waveguide anechoic, which replaces the characteristic impedance when calculating reflectance. The method can compensate for an oblique ear-probe insertion into a uniform occluded-ear simulator and decrease the dependency of reflectance on insertion depth in an ear canal. However, more research is required to further assess the method in ear canals.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)3499-3509
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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