Comparison Study of YBa2Cu3O7-x Films Deposited by Using Various Carboxylate Solutions

Zhao Yue, P. Torres, Poul Norby, Anders Christian Wulff, Jean-Claude Grivel

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


In this work, four fluorine-free solutions based on various carboxylates (propionates, butyrates, valerates, and hexanoates, respectively) were prepared and used for deposition of YBCO films on LaAlO3 single-crystal substrates, in order to further understand the role of precursors on properties of the final films. After the same pyrolysis and sintering processes, the films from propionates and butyrates show pure YBCO phase and were epitaxially grown, as determined by X-ray diffractometer analysis. There are clear differences in morphologies of these four films, i.e., the films from propionates and butyrates exhibit platelike grains without distinct grain boundaries, while almost randomly orientated grains were observed on the surface of the other two films. As a result, we noticed significant discrepancies on their superconducting performance. The films from propionates and butyrates give Jc values (at 77 K, self-field) of 2.1 MA/cm2 and 1.3 MA/cm2, respectively, while no superconducting transition above 70 K was observed in the other two films. A relatively larger amount of carbonaceous residue left as a by-product after decomposition of carboxylates with longer ligands, particularly under fast pyrolysis and sintering processes, could be one of the explanations of the poor superconductivity in the films from the valerateand hexanoate-based precursors.
Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)6600204
Number of pages4
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • Carboxylate
  • Chemical solution method
  • Epitaxial growth
  • Fluorine-free
  • Thin films


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