Comparison of the Kinetic Promoters Piperazine and Carbonic Anhydrase for CO2 Absorption

Arne Gladis*, Maria T. Gundersen, Kaj Thomsen, Philip L. Fosbøl, John M. Woodley, Nicolas von Solms

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Kinetic promoter that enhance the reaction kinetics with CO2 are enabling the use of the low heat of reaction of slow absorbing solvents like MDEA. Mass transfer experiments with 30 wt% MDEA promoted by either by 1.7 and 8.5g/L enzyme carbonic anhydrase (CA) or 5 wt% piperazine (PZ) where conducted in a wetted wall column apparatus at 298, 313K and 328 for different solvent loadings. The mass transfer of PZ promoted solvents was strongly influenced by the solvent loading as it was steeply decreasing for all temperatures; the temperature was also influencing the mass transfer, but the extent was dependent on the solvent loading. CA promoted solvent mass transfer characteristics showed less dependency on the solvent loading and temperature. Lower enzyme concentrations were found to be much slower than MDEA/PZ solvents, whereas high enzyme concentrations might be as efficient in capturing CO2 as a 30 wt% MDEA/5 wt% PZ mixture in terms of overall mass transfer, considering change of mass transfer due to solvent loading over the height of a column.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEnergy Procedia
Volume114
Pages (from-to)719-725
ISSN1876-6102
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Event13th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies (GHGT-13) - Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
Duration: 14 Nov 201618 Nov 2016

Conference

Conference13th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies (GHGT-13)
LocationEcole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne
CountrySwitzerland
CityLausanne
Period14/11/201618/11/2016

Keywords

  • Piperazine
  • MDEA
  • Carbonic anhydrase
  • Wetted wall column

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