Comparison of Smart Charging and Battery Energy Storage System for a PV Prosumer with an EV

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Abstract

Battery energy storage systems (BESSs) for residential photovoltaic (PV) prosumers are becoming more popular with the reduction of battery prices, as a means of increasing self-consumption. When considering prosumers that also own an electric vehicle (EV), smart charging can also fulfill the same objective. This paper assesses the benefits of a PV prosumer with an EV under two options: installing a BESS or applying smart charging. Smart charging is applied with the goal of reducing energy imports by charging the EV when there is excess of production. The effect of using a BESS of varying inverter and storage size is also investigated, when operated under a simple energy import minimization logic. We use a yearly dataset of real 5-min measurements collected from a Danish household with a 6 kWp PV plant. The prosumer also owns a 62 kWh Nissan LEAF. We find that smart charging increases self-consumption from 29% to 54%, leading to yearly savings of 220 e . Through a sensitivity analysis we find that a BESS of 8 kWh / 2 kW yields similar yearly results. Given the approximately 20 times higher payback period of the BESS, we conclude that smart charging is economically much more attractive.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of ISGT Europe 2021
Number of pages6
PublisherIEEE
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021
Event2021 IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference Europe - Virtual event, Espoo, Finland
Duration: 26 Oct 202128 Oct 2021
https://ieee-isgt-europe.org/

Conference

Conference2021 IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference Europe
LocationVirtual event
Country/TerritoryFinland
CityEspoo
Period26/10/202128/10/2021
Internet address

Keywords

  • Battery energy storage system
  • Electric vehicle
  • Photovoltaic
  • Prosumer
  • Smart charging

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