Comparison of Simulated and Measured Non-linear Ultrasound Fields

Yigang Du, Henrik Jensen, Jørgen Arendt Jensen

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In this paper results from a non-linear AS (angular spectrum) based ultrasound simulation program are compared to water-tank measurements. A circular concave transducer with a diameter of 1 inch (25.4 mm) is used as the emitting source. The measured pulses are rst compared with the linear simulation program Field II, which will be used to generate the source for the AS simulation. The generated non-linear ultrasound eld is measured by a hydrophone in the focal plane. The second harmonic component from the measurement is compared with the AS simulation, which is used to calculate both fundamental and second harmonic elds. The focused piston transducer with a center frequency of 5 MHz is excited by a waveform generator emitting a 6-cycle sine wave. The hydrophone is mounted in the focal plane 118 mm from the transducer. The point spread functions at the focal depth from Field II and measurements are illustrated. The FWHM (full width at half maximum) values are 1.96 mm for the measurement and 1.84 mm for the Field II simulation. The fundamental and second harmonic components of the experimental results are plotted compared with the AS simulations. The RMS (root mean square) errors of the AS simulations are 7.19% and 10.3% compared with the fundamental and second harmonic components of the measurements.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of SPIE
EditorsJan D'hooge, Marvin M. Doyley
PublisherSPIE - International Society for Optical Engineering
Publication date2011
ISBN (Print)9780819485106
Publication statusPublished - 2011
EventSPIE Medical Imaging : Ultrasonic Imaging, Tomography, and Therapy - Lake Buena Vista, United States
Duration: 13 Feb 201114 Feb 2011


ConferenceSPIE Medical Imaging : Ultrasonic Imaging, Tomography, and Therapy
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityLake Buena Vista

Bibliographical note

Article Number: 79680P


  • Concave transducer
  • Water-tank measurement
  • Non-linear ultrasound simulation
  • Angular spectrum


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