Comparison of K-doped and pure cold-rolled tungsten sheets: Tensile properties and brittle-to-ductile transition temperatures

Philipp Lied*, Wolfgang Pantleon, Carsten Bonnekoh, Simon Bonk, Andreas Hoffmann, Jens Reiser, Michael Rieth

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

1 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

For high-temperature environments, as in future fusion reactors, the use of tungsten materials has been sincerely discussed in the last decade. Although severe cold-rolling of tungsten leads to significant improvements in mechanical properties, the fine-grained microstructure of such tungsten material has to be stabilized. For that, the use of potassium-doping (K-doping) in tungsten sheets is investigated in our ongoing study. In this work, we compare mechanical properties of warm- and cold-rolled sheets of pure tungsten and K-doped tungsten (for five different degree of deformation respectively) by means of fracture toughness tests and tensile tests.

Fracture toughness and brittle-to-ductile transition temperatures (TBDT) are assessed, showing a slightly lower transition temperature for the cold-rolled K-doped sheets (lower than −100 °C for the 50 µm thick foil). The better performance of the K-doped sheet is related to its finer grain size. The thickest K-doped sheet shows a much higher TBDT than its pure tungsten counterpart. This is presumably caused by the presence of several tens of micrometre thick bands, containing only low angle boundaries, in the microstructure of the K-doped sheet.

Tensile tests reveal an outstanding yield strength of 2860 MPa and an ultimate tensile strength of 2970 MPa for the thinnest K-doped sheet with similar, but slightly lower values for the pure tungsten counterpart. Both thinnest sheets show a drastic increase in ultimate tensile strength in correlation to their mean grain size, much higher than expected by a Hall-Petch relation. This deviation has been observed for the microhardness as well and is assumed to be caused by an extraordinary increase in the density of dislocations.

Our results indicate that no disadvantages in tensile strength and brittle-to-ductile transition are to be expected compared to pure tungsten, when K-doped tungsten is used to inhibit recrystallization in high-temperature environments.

Original languageEnglish
Article number152664
JournalJournal of Nuclear Materials
Number of pages12
ISSN0022-3115
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Cold-rolling
  • Fracture toughness
  • Hall-Petch relation
  • Potassium-doping
  • Recrystallization inhibition
  • Tensile strength

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Comparison of K-doped and pure cold-rolled tungsten sheets: Tensile properties and brittle-to-ductile transition temperatures'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this