Comparison of high temperature chars of wheat straw and rice husk with respect to chemistry, morphology and reactivity

Anna Trubetskaya, Peter Arendt Jensen, Anker Degn Jensen, Markus Steibel, Hartmut Spliethoff, Peter Glarborg, Flemming Hofmann Larsen

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Fast pyrolysis of wheat straw and rice husk was carried out in an entrained flow reactor at hightemperatures(1000e1500) C. The collected char was analyzed using X-ray diffractometry, N2-adsorption,scanning electron microscopy, particle size analysis with CAMSIZER XT, 29Si and 13C solid-statenuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis to investigate the effect ofinorganic matter on the char morphology and oxygen reactivity. The silicon compounds were dispersedthroughout the turbostratic structure of rice husk char in an amorphous phase with a low meltingtemperature (z730 C), which led to the formation of a glassy char shell, resulting in a preserved particlesize and shape of chars. The high alkali content in the wheat straw resulted in higher char reactivity,whereas the lower silicon content caused variations in the char shape from cylindrical to near-sphericalchar particles. The reactivities of pinewood and rice husk chars were similar with respect to oxidation,indicating less influence of silicon oxides on the char reactivity.© 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
JournalBiomass and Bioenergy
Pages (from-to)76-87
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • Fast pyrolysis
  • 29Si solid-state NMR
  • Entrained flow reactor
  • Oxygen reactivity
  • Si bearing compounds


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