Comparison of European Network Codes for AC- and HVDC-connected Renewable Energy Sources

Behnam Nouri, Amir Arasteh, Ömer Göksu, Jayachandra Naidu Sakamuri, Poul Ejnar Sørensen

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Developing an integrated pan-European energy system based on renewable energy sources (RES) has technical and economic benefits. In this way, harmonized rules for grid connection of RES are required at the international level. Wind energy is one of the most promising renewable energy worldwide. The integration of wind energy into the power system is overgrowing through onshore and offshore installations. The European network codes have been drafted and regulated for AC- and HVDC-connected power-generating modules (PGM) in two separate international network codes. This paper presents the main aspects of the regulated European network codes and compares them. Accordingly, it is recommended to define the European network codes based on RES connection type (AC and HVDC) rather than the onshore and offshore categorization. Also, the main requirements for HVDC-connected generations are being regulated all around Europe. Therefore, the integration of RES into European power systems via HVDC transmission would be easier
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 18th Wind Integration Workshop
Number of pages6
Publication date2019
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Event18th Wind Integration Workshop: International workshop on large-scale integration of wind power into power systems as well as on transmission networks for offshore wind power plants - Crowne Plaza Dublin Airport, Dublin, Ireland
Duration: 16 Oct 201918 Oct 2019
Conference number: 18


Workshop18th Wind Integration Workshop
LocationCrowne Plaza Dublin Airport
Internet address


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