Comparison of conventional and active screen plasma nitriding of hard chromium electroplated steel

Mehdi Keshavarz Hedayati, F. Mahboubi, T. Nickchi

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


This paper considers the nitriding behavior of hard chromium electroplated steel by conventional plasma nitriding (CPN) and active screen plasma nitriding (ASPN) methods. Indentation test along the cross-section of the treated samples reveals that duplex treatment performed by two methods exhibits almost the same hardnesses. Furthermore, an increase in the time of plasma nitriding from 5 h to 10 h restores 30% of the hardness decline. Morphological studies show that surface particles formed oil active screen plasma nitrided samples have orderly formed geometrical shapes while in conventional plasma nitriding they are in cauliflower shape. The reason for reaction between chromium and nitrogen seems to be the difference between thermal expansion coefficient of chromium oxide, chromium and steel substrate which results in partial breakdown of the oxide film. Moreover, the reducing of chromium oxide by hydrogen promotes the process. It looks as if nitriding treatment changes the corrosion behavior of the chromium coating from severe localized to uniform corrosion. Also active screen plasma nitriding treatment lowers the anodic dissolution 50-100 orders of mignitude which would be the result of full closure of surface microcracks. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Issue number8
Pages (from-to)1123-1128
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Conventional plasma nitriding
  • Active screen plasma nitriding
  • Hard chromium electroplating
  • CPN
  • ASPN
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Instrumentation
  • Case hardening
  • Chromium
  • Corrosion
  • Dissolution
  • Electrochemistry
  • Electroplating
  • Hardness
  • Hydrogen
  • Metal recovery
  • Nitriding
  • Oxide films
  • Plasmas
  • Steel
  • Surface treatment
  • Thermal expansion
  • Ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylenes
  • Plasma applications
  • WEAR


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