Comparing LCC with LCA to assess PSS sustainability: the case of the eco-box

K.N. Chong, L.S. Dreijer, Thomas J. Howard, Morten Birkved, Melanie Kreye, Niki Bey, Tim C. McAloone

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review


Product/Service-Systems strategies are increasingly proving to be a source of competitive advantage and environmental improvement for engineering companies, the main hypothesis being that PSS should allow to decouple functionality, user satisfaction and financial income on the one hand, from the total environmental impact of the function-delivering technology on the other. This paper describes an integration of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) and Life Cycle Costing (LCC), in an attempt to see if the two life cycle elements are related.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication13th International Design Conference - Design 2014
PublisherDesign Society
Publication date2014
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Event13th International Design Conference - Dubrovnik, Croatia
Duration: 19 May 201422 May 2014
Conference number: 13


Conference13th International Design Conference
Internet address


  • Life cycle costing (LCC)
  • Life cycle assessment (LCA)
  • Product/service-systems
  • Sustainable building
  • Life cycle design
  • Holistic sustainability assessment


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