Comparative Studies on Callose Formation in Powdery Mildew Compatible and Incompatible Barley

Jens-Peder Skou, Jørgen Helms Jørgensen, Ulla Lilholt

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    Abstract

    Callose formation in barley mutants, lines and varieties with different genes for resistance to powdery mildew in seven different loci was compared. Only barley with resistance genes in the ml-o locus showed so early a callose formation passing off at such a high rate that it prevented fungal penetration Ml-(La) resistant varieties and near-isogenic lines in 'Manchuria' with resistance genes in 5 other loci showed only a tendency to a larger callose formation than their susceptible counterparts after inoculation with avirulent as well as virulent powdery mildew. The callose formation in ml-o resistant barley was independent of the powdery mildew culture applied. This supports the hypothesis set forth as to why the ml-o mutants are resistant against all known cultures or races of barley powdery mildew, and why this resistance may be more durable than other powdery mildew resistances. This is the 1st case where the effect of callose refers to the action of a specific gene. Six susceptible Japanese varieties formed large appositions but they were initiated as late as in other susceptible varieties, and their color was paler than in other barleys. Nine Hordeum spp. [H. capense, H. chilense, H. euclaston, H. jubatum, H. murinum, ssp. glaucum, H. murinum ssp. leporinum, H. patagonicum, H. vulgare ssp. leporinum and H. vulgare ssp. spontaneum] fell in one group with small appositions and another with appositions of the most common size in barley. Wheat reacts strongly with deep colored appositions, rye with haloes with a somewhat diffuse margin, and oats with large, central spots (papillae) nearly without any halo.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalPhytopathologische Zeitschrift
    Volume109
    Issue number2
    Pages (from-to)147-168
    ISSN0031-9481
    Publication statusPublished - 1984

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