Comparative analysis of sperm DNA methylation supports evolutionary acquired epigenetic plasticity for organ speciation

Farideh Moharrek, Lars R. Ingerslev, Ali Altıntaş, Leonidas Lundell, Ann N. Hansen, Lewin Small, Christopher T. Workman, Romain Barrès*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Aim: To perform a comparative epigenomic analysis of DNA methylation in spermatozoa from humans, mice, rats and mini-pigs. Materials & methods: Genome-wide DNA methylation analysis was used to compare the methylation profiles of orthologous CpG sites. Transcription profiles of early embryo development were analyzed to provide insight into the association between sperm methylation and gene expression programming. Results: We identified DNA methylation variation near genes related to the central nervous system and signal transduction. Gene expression dynamics at different time points of preimplantation stages were modestly associated with spermatozoal DNA methylation at the nearest promoters. Conclusion: Conserved genomic regions subject to epigenetic variation across different species were associated with specific organ functions, suggesting their potential contribution to organ speciation and long-term adaptation to the environment.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEpigenomics
Volume14
Issue number21
Pages (from-to)1305-1324
Number of pages20
ISSN1750-192x
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • Comparative epigenomics
  • DNA methylation
  • Embryo development
  • Epigenetics
  • Evolution
  • Spermatozoa

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