Compact low-birefringence polarization beam splitter using vertical-dual-slot waveguides in silicon carbide integrated platforms

Xiaodong Shi, JingJing Zhang, Weichen Fan, Yaoqin Lu, Nianhua Peng, Karsten Rottwitt, Haiyan Ou

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Abstract

The polarization beam splitter is a key component for polarization manipulation in photonic integrated circuits, but it is challenging to design for low-refractive-index optical materials, due to the low birefringence of the waveguides. We propose a novel compact vertical-dual-slot waveguides based coupling scheme for silicon carbide, enabling efficient low-birefringence polarization splitting by extensively modulating the transverse-magnetic mode distribution. We numerically and experimentally demonstrate the device in the 4H-silicon carbide-on-insulator integrated platform, with a small footprint of 2.2×15 µm2. The device, easy to fabricate via single lithography process as other components on the chip, exhibits low insertion loss of <0.71 dB and <0.51 dB for the transverseelectric and transverse-magnetic polarized light, respectively, and polarization extinction ratio of >13 dB, over 80 nm wavelength range.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPhotonics Research
Volume10
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)A8-A13
ISSN2327-9125
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

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