Compact FPGA-based beamformer using oversampled 1-bit A/D converters

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    1452 Downloads (Pure)


    A compact medical ultrasound beamformer architecture that uses oversampled 1-bit analog-to-digital (A/D) converters is presented. Sparse sample processing is used, as the echo signal for the image lines is reconstructed in 512 equidistant focal points along the line through its in-phase and quadrature components. That information is sufficient for presenting a B-mode image and creating a color flow map. The high sampling rate provides the necessary delay resolution for the focusing. The low channel data width (1-bit) makes it possible to construct a compact beamformer logic. The signal reconstruction is done using finite impulse response (FIR) filters, applied on selected bit sequences of the delta-sigma modulator output stream. The approach allows for a multichannel beamformer to fit in a single field programmable gate array (FPGA) device. A 32-channel beamformer is estimated to occupy 50% of the available logic resources in a commercially available midrange FPGA, and to be able to operate at 129 MHz. Simulation of the architecture at 140 MHz provides images with a dynamic range approaching 60 dB for an excitation frequency of 3 MHz.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalI E E E Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control
    Issue number5
    Pages (from-to)870-880
    Publication statusPublished - 2005

    Bibliographical note

    Copyright: 2005 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE


    Dive into the research topics of 'Compact FPGA-based beamformer using oversampled 1-bit A/D converters'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this