Commercial cultivation and bioremediation potential of sugar kelp, Saccharina latissima, in Danish waters

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Several seaweed species have been successfully tested for their biofilter potential for integrated multi-trophic aquaculture (IMTA). In this study, Saccharina latissima bioremediation potential was assessed over 12 months with respect to the yield, phosphorous (P), nitrogen (N) content and N removal. The experiment took place at two commercial cultivation areas; in close proximity to a blue mussel and fish farm (IMTA) and at a reference site, both situated outside Horsens fjord in Denmark. The maximum biomass yield over the first growing season was achieved in August (1.08±0.09 and 1.51±0.13 kg FW m-1) and September (0.92±0.18 and 1.49±0.16 kg FW m-1).Yield was significantly higher at the IMTA compared to the reference site in August (P<0.05). A second growing season did not improve biofiltration efficiency. The highest N and P removal was achieved in August and September. Again the IMTA location showed better N and P removal compared with the reference site in August; 5.02-7.02 g N and 0.86-1.23 g P m-1 of cultivation line (P<0.05). S. latissima shows potential for assimilation and removal of nutrients, particularly nitrogen. Seasonal variations of biofilter efficiency, conditions and potential applications should be taken into account when evaluating the best suited harvest time. For Horsens fjord, our results showed that the harvest time should take place in August-September in order to achieve maximum biofiltration efficiency (including N and P in epiphytes). However, for human consumption, it is better to harvest in May where the seaweed is free of epiphytes.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Applied Phycology
Volume27
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)1963-1973
Number of pages11
ISSN0921-8971
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Event5th Congress of the International Society for Applied Phycology - Australian Technology Park, Sydney, Australia
Duration: 22 Jun 201427 Jun 2014
Conference number: 5

Conference

Conference5th Congress of the International Society for Applied Phycology
Number5
LocationAustralian Technology Park
CountryAustralia
CitySydney
Period22/06/201427/06/2014
CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: No match on DOI

ID: 103644017